Increasing access to safe and legal abortion has been a critical issue for GIRE since its foundation. Even though grounds for abortion under which women may choose to legally terminate a pregnancy exist across all states, in reality enormous obstacles impede women’s access to these services, and significant regional differences still exist. While women and girls who are survivors of rape have the right to legal abortion throughout Mexico, the implementation of these laws appears subjective, and GIRE has documented and protested the numerous barriers that women still face in accessing this service.
Meanwhile, unsafe abortion continues to be the fourth leading cause of maternal mortality in the country. In addition, women in Mexico continue to be criminalized for illegal abortion, and often face prison sentences. GIRE works to guarantee access to abortion in Mexico under the existing legal grounds, secure reparations for those women who are denied legal services and ensure that women who decide to end their pregnancy are not criminalized.
Access to abortion services for cases of rape is still limited throughout Mexico, despite being recognized in the national and international legal framework. Women and girls are regularly denied access to this right because of medical personnel’s ignorance of the legal framework in which their actions as health professionals must be framed. It is also common for medical personnel to suppose that access to abortion is a crime and therefore, act on that belief, denying or hindering these services. However, in addition to revictimizing the woman or girl and violating their human rights, they also contradict the law.
Access to safe and legal abortion is essential for the women’s exercise of their human rights. In Mexico, women continue to face restrictive regulations and obstacles in accessing abortion services, and criminalization. The State’s fulfillment of its human rights obligations is a way to attend to these problems and is urgent.
Information on cases and data on legal abortion, including a timeline of Supreme Court decisions. can be found here (https://gire.org.mx/consultations/?type= legal-and-safe-abortion).
Campaigns and Communications Materials
Long Live Mexico!
In April 2013, the documentary “Long Live Mexico!”, produced by GIRE and directed by Flavio Florencio, was presented. This film demonstrates the criminalization to which women are subjected when reported for alleged illegal abortion. Paola, Nicolasa, Hilda and Ana María are the four protagonists who face the punishment of society’s injustice as if they were criminals, denounced by the press, particularly the sensationalist media sources, as murderers, when publicizing their miscarriages as if they were induced abortions.
To date, the only legal grounds for abortion across Mexico is when the pregnancy is the result of sexual violence. According to the Official Mexican Norm 046 for the Prevention and Care of Family and Sexual Violence, and Violence against Women, this service should be guaranteed for all women, with no further requirement than declaring under oath that the pregnancy was the result of rape. The rape does not need to be reported to the police and any girl or women over the age of 12 can Access services without the need for consent from parents or guardians.